Bologna, ZIS Fiera

Detailed Plan of the Integrated Sector Area “Fiera 2” in Bologna – Italy

This part of the city has a succession of large open spaces surrounded by urban fabric, a prelude of the city’s edge toward the northern countryside. The Plan recognizes these spaces’ importance and creates a system that highlights this succession.
The two essential systems able to define the new landscape design are the urban park, which recognizes and unifies the alternation of large open spaces coexisting with the built environment; and the urban garden that stretches in long sections along the pedestrian system, the backbone of the built elements.
In the urban park’s overall compositional layout we can find different places that correspond to specific functions of the buildings on its edge. The places’ functional definition depends on the unified design of the park, which is a succession of tree-covered and shrub patches that develop in a conceptually natural design, alternated with large grassy clearings. These patches cross the spaces defined by the buildings, powerfully determined by the rigid lines of paved pedestrian routes set on the land division grid (that follows the lines of the ancient Roman centuriation division), following their own freer, more natural progression.
The distribution of plants grows denser near high traffic major roads so the trees and bushes can help mitigate dust in the air and noise. This lets the small green areas on the street edges serve as protective plant barriers as well as important urban furnishing elements, bolstering the existing row of trees.

With: Elena Vincenzi, Angelica Guida